Thank you for sharing!

Your article was successfully shared with the contacts you provided.

A theater security guard’s award of workers compensation benefits has been affirmed by the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania even though the guard used a building entrance that his employer had prohibited employees from using. The case is Fine Arts Discovery Series, Inc. v. Critton, 2022 Pa. Commw. Unpub. LEXIS 444 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2022). Please note that this case is an unpublished decision and may be cited and relied upon when relevant under the doctrine of the law of the case, res judicata, or collateral estoppel. It may also be cited for its persuasive value, but not as binding precedent. 

Daniel Critton worked as a security guard at a theater run by Fine Arts Discovery. In February 2019, Critton attended a theater staff meeting where the head of security reminded employees that they should not use the back entrance; this point was repeated at a special meeting for security staff, including Critton, later that same day. A few weeks later, Critton was walking to the back entrance of the theater to begin his shift when he was injured slipping on ice. The injury was immediately reported, and Critton was treated for a broken arm at the emergency room. Fine Arts Discovery denied his claim because he was using the back entrance at the time he broke his arm. Before a workers compensation judge (WCJ), Fine Arts Discovery asserted the “positive work order” defense, which requires an employer to prove that there was a specific policy in place, the claimant employee knew about the policy, and that the claimant’s conduct at the time of injury removed the claimant from the course of employment. 

This premium content is locked for
FC&S Expert Coverage Interpretation subscribers.

Enjoy unlimited access to the trusted solution for successful interpretation and analyses of complex insurance policies.

  • Quality content from industry experts with over 60 years insurance experience, combined
  • Customizable alerts of changes in relevant policies and trends
  • Search and navigate Q&As to find answers to your specific questions
  • Filter by article, discussion, analysis and more to find the exact information you’re looking for
  • Continually updated to bring you the latest reports, trending topics, and coverage analysis

Already have an account?
For enterprise-wide or corporate access, please contact our Sales Department at 1-800-543-0874 or email [email protected].

Kelly Helton, JD


Get Answers Directly From the FC&S Experts

Submit your coverage interpretation question to the editors of FC&S for quick and reliable information.

Question of the Week

Insurance Coverage Q&A: Multiple Losses During Policy Term ›

When a second loss occurs before damage from the first loss is fixed, can the insured still collect?

Question of the Week Archive ›

Copyright © 2023 ALM Global, LLC. All Rights Reserved.