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This chart provides prohibitions on cell phones and texting and the use of televisions in the front seat of the vehicle where the driver can see them. These distractions have proven to be as dangerous as drunk driving. Many states have therefore enacted legislation restricting such activities while driving.

State Are Cell Phones Prohibited Prohibits Drivers w/ Learners Permit from Using Cell Phone While Driving Prohibits TV in Front Seat of Vehicle Texting Ban Statute
Alabama Ages 16 and 17 with intermediate license <6 months Yes All drivers Code of Ala. § 32- 5A-350 & 32-6-7.2
Alaska Bus drivers Yes – does not prohibit GPS All drivers Alaska Stat. § 28.35.161
Arizona School bus drivers Under 18 and <6 months after licensing Yes Bus drivers Chapter 209
Arkansas School bus drivers; 18-20 year olds; all drivers in school and construction zones <18 All drivers A.C.A. § 27-51- 1501 through -1506
California All drivers hand held; school and transit bus drivers all cell phones <18 Yes – all visual screens unless map/GPS or device with interlock All drivers Cal. Veh. Code § 23123 through 23125
Colorado <18 or learner’s permit Yes – does not prohibit use of computer, data terminal in vehicle All drivers C.R.S. 42-4-239
Connecticut All drivers hand held; school bus drivers all cell phones <18 Yes – does allow display that aids backing/parking or only displays when vehicle is not in motion All drivers Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-296aa
Delaware All drivers hand held; school bus drivers all cell phones Learner and intermediate All drivers 21 Del. C. § 4176B & 4176C
Dist. of Col. All drivers hand held; school bus drivers and drivers with a learner’s permit all cell phones Yes Yes All drivers D.C. Code § 50- 1731.01 through .10
Florida School and construction zones Yes – navigation systems OK All drivers; allowed while stopped at red lights Fla. Stat. § 316.305
Georgia All drivers hand held; school bus drivers all cell phones <18 All drivers O.C.G.A. § 40-6- 241 through 241.2
Guam All drivers All drivers 16 GCA § 3346 & 3346.1
Hawaii All Drivers <18 All drivers HRS § 291C-137
Idaho All drivers Idaho Code § 49- 1401A
Illinois All drivers; school bus drivers; drivers while in construction and school zones <19 Yes – all visual screens unless map/GPS or device with interlock All drivers 625 ILCS 5/12- 610.2
Indiana <18 Yes – all visual screens unless map/GPS or device with interlock All drivers Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 9-21-8-59
Iowa Learner and intermediate All drivers Iowa Code § 321.276
Kansas Learner and intermediate All drivers K.S.A. § 8-15-111
Kentucky School bus drivers <18 All drivers K.R.S. § 189.292 & 189.294
Louisiana School bus drivers; <18; all drivers in school zones Hand held banned for a person who holds learner or intermediate license Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers La. R.S. § 32:289.1, 32:300.5- 32:300.7
Maine All drivers All Yes – does not include GPS/police equipment All drivers 29-A M.R.S.A. § 1311 & 2119
Maryland All drivers hand held Learner/provisional; <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Md. TRANSPORTATI ON Code Ann. § 21-1124.1
Massachusetts All drivers hand held Yes Yes – does not include GPS All drivers ALM GL ch. 90, § 13, 13B, & 8M
Michigan Level 1 or 2 graduated license Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers MCLS § 257.602b & 257.602c
Minnesota All drivers Learner/provisional first 12 months Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Minn. Stat. § 169.475 & 171.05
Mississippi School bus drivers All drivers Miss. Code Ann. § 63-33-1
Missouri <21 and all commercial drivers § 304.820 R.S.Mo.
Montana No statewide bans but varies by municipality
Nebraska Learner/provisional <18 Yes All drivers R.R.S. Neb. § 60- 6,179.01 & 60-4, 120.01
Nevada All drivers hand held Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 484B.165
New Hampshire All drivers hand held Yes Yes – does not include GPS/backup cams All drivers RSA 265:79-c & 265:105-a
New Jersey All drivers hand held; operator of a moving vehicle involved in providing public transport services <21 with a GDL or provisional license Yes All drivers N.J. Stat. § 39:4- 97.3
New Mexico Lerner and intermediate Yes – unless aids in operation of vehicle or used by law enforcement All drivers N.M. Stat. Ann. § 66-7-374
New York All drivers hand held Yes – also bans radio sets that pick up police transmissions All drivers NY CLS Veh & Tr § 1225-c
North Carolina Bus drivers, <18 <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers N.C. Gen. Stat. § 20-137.3 & 20- 137.4a
North Dakota <18 All drivers N.D. Cent. Code, § 39-08-23 & -24
Ohio <18 All drivers ORC Ann. 4511.204 & .205
Oklahoma Learners permit holders; intermediate license holders; school bus and public transit drivers Learner and intermediate may not use hand held Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers (as of 2020) 47 Okl. St. § 6-105 & 11-901
Oregon All drivers hand held Learner and intermediate <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers ORS § 811.507
Pennsylvania Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers 75 Pa.C.S. § 3316
Puerto Rico All drivers Yes All drivers 9 L.P.R.A. § 5305
Rhode Island All drivers <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS All drivers R.I. Gen. Laws § 31-22-30 & -11.9
South Carolina Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers S.C. Code Ann. § 56-5-3890
South Dakota learner and intermediate Yes All drivers S.D. Codified Laws § 32-26-47 & 32- 12-12
Tennessee Bus drivers; all drivers in school zones Learner and intermediate Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Tenn. Code Ann. § 55-50-311, 55-8- 192 & 55-8-199
Texas Bus drivers with children; school and construction zones; <18 <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Tex. Transp. Code § 545.425
Utah <18 Yes – includes any type of visual screen unless mapping/GPS/police equipment All drivers Utah Code Ann. § 41-6a-1716
Vermont All drivers <18 Yes – Ok if used only to view rear of car All drivers 23 V.S.A. § 1095b
Virgin Islands All drivers hand held All drivers 20 V.I.C. § 509 – 509b
Virginia School bus drivers; <18

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